UNAKRT Officials

Judge Agnieszka Klonowiecka-Milart

Supreme Court Chamber

Agnieszka Klonowiecka-Milart was the most senior international judge in the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. She was appointed to the Supreme Court of Kosovo where, together with members of the national judiciary, she adjudicated war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity, terrorism and other serious crimes. She was seconded several times to the Department of International Cooperation and European Law in the Polish Ministry of Justice, where she participated in the law revision and law reform for conformity with international standards, mainly those of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the European Union.

Judge Agnieszka Klonowiecka-Milart

Judge Chandra Nihal Jayasinghe

Supreme Court Chamber
Sri Lanka

Mr. Chandra Nihal Jayasinghe (Sri Lanka) was recently Sri Lanka High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He previously served as a senior Presiding Judge of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka and President of the Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka. He served 22 years in the Attorney General’s Department, mostly in criminal work, where he was Senior State Counsel and eventually elevated to Deputy Solicitor General in 1994. Mr. Jayasinghe was awarded Bachelor of Laws Degree from the University of Colombo, was a visiting scholar at University of Illinois, Chicago, and received a Diploma in Human Rights by University of Lund, Sweden.

Judge Chandra Nihal Jayasinghe

Judge Florence Ndepele Mwachande Mumba

Supreme Court Chamber

Justice Florence Ndepele Mwachande MUMBA has held judicial office since 1980. She was the first woman to be appointed High Court Judge in Zambia.

After eight years as High Court Judge, she was appointed to the Office of Investigator General (Ombudsman) in 1989, whilst holding this office, she served as Director on the International Ombudsman Institute Board where she was elected Vice-President of the Board until 1996. Justice MUMBA served on the UN Commission on the Status of Women from 1992 to 1995; she participated in the formulation of resolutions to characterize rape as a war crime. In 1997, she was appointed Supreme Court Judge and was elected Judge of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague where she also served as Vice-President from 1999 to 2001. From 2003 to 2005, Justice MUMBA served as Judge of the Appeals Chamber in the ICTY and International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). From August 2008 to January 2011 she served as Chairperson of the Electoral Commission of Zambia. She is currently a Supreme Court Judge in Zambia. As a distinguished lawyer and women’s rights activist, she has travelled extensively presenting papers and lectures. Justice MUMBA has advocated the rule of law in governance throughout her career.

Judge Phillip Rapoza (Reserve)

Supreme Court Chamber

Phillip Rapoza is the Chief Justice (President) of the Massachusetts Appeals Court. He received a B.A.degree magna cum laude from Yale University and a J.D. (juris doctor) degree from Cornell University Law School. He has served in the legal profession for over 35 years. After 16 years as a prosecutor and then a defense lawyer, in 1992 he was appointed as a trial judge. In 1998, he was appointed to the court of appeals and in 2006, he was elevated to his current position as the court's Chief Justice. He also has been active in the field of international justice. From 2003 to 2005, he served as an international judge and the coordinator of the Special Panels for Serious Crimes in Timor-Leste, dealing with crimes against humanity and other serious offenses that occurred prior to that country's independence. Since then he has returned to Timor-Leste on numerous occasions to assist with UN efforts to develop the country's justice sector. He has also headed a UN Criminal Justice Advisory Team in Haiti and has participated in programs and trainings in Cambodia relating to the ECCC. Chief Justice Rapoza, who is of Portuguese descent, was decorated by the President of Portugal and holds the rank of Commander in the Order of Prince Henry the Navigator. He also is a recipient of the Brazilian Medal of International Merit. He has received numerous awards and holds several honorary degrees.

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Judge Silvia Cartwright

Trial Chamber
New Zealand

Dame Silvia Cartwright graduated with a Bachelor of Laws from Otago University in 1967. After several years in private practice, she embarked on a judicial career which culminated in her appointment as the first woman in New Zealand to the High Court. Internationally, Dame Silvia contributed as a member of the UN committee monitoring compliance with the UN Convention to Eliminate All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. She was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1989 and Principal Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit in 2001.

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Judge Jean-Marc Lavergne

Trial Chamber

Jean-Marc Lavergne (France) completed his higher education at the Clermont-Ferrand Law School, and received his Masters in Private Law and Public Notary Certification in 1983. In 1988 after completing his magistracy studies, he was appointed to the High Civil Court of Angers as Parole Judge (Juge de l’application des Peines au Tribunal de Grande Instance). In 1997, he was appointed Presiding Judge (Conseiller) at the Criminal Appeals Court of Loire-Atlantique and Morbihan, a Chamber within the Rennes Court of Appeals. Since 2001, he serves as Vice-President of the High Civil Court of Le Mans. He was appointed Presiding Judge (Conseiller) at the Criminal Appeals Court of Sarthe and Maine-et-Loire in 2007.

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Judge Claudia Fenz (Reserve)

Trial Chamber

Dr. Fenz holds a Doctorate of Law from the University of Vienna. In 1984 she was appointed judge in the domestic criminal justice system, holding judicial office for over 20 years in investigation, trial and appeals courts. In 2005, she was appointed an international judge with the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, dealing with organized crime, serious ethnically-motivated crime and war crimes. She then served as Head of the Rule of Law section within the EUPOLCOPPS Mission in Palestine, which provides support to the Palestinian criminal justice sector (2006-2008).

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Judge Rowan Downing QC

Pre-Trial Chamber

Judge Downing is a senior Australian lawyer. He has held senior judicial positions in the Pacific region, including Judge of the Court of Appeal and Supreme Court of Vanuatu, dealing with serious criminal matters and large civil claims. He has worked internationally for twenty years undertaking work including law reform (in respect of both criminal law and commercial law), human rights law, treaty implementation of human rights obligations, refugee law, administrative law, anti-corruption law and the investigation and prosecution of transnational crime. Judge Downing has also worked with a number of multilateral organisations to improve the independence of the judiciary and systemic integrity within legal systems in many countries. He has appeared as an advocate in numerous human rights cases and provided advice to a number of governments concerning human rights, particularly the rights of women and children. He has extensive experience training advocates and members of the judiciary in South East Asia and the Pacific. Judge Downing has also trained members of the Australian Defence Force in the fields of war crimes law, human rights and the laws of warfare.

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Judge Chang-ho Chung

Pre-Trial Chamber
Republic of Korea

Judge Chung assumed his duties at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia on 1 August 2011.He has most recently served as Legal Attaché at the Embassy of the Republic of Korea and Permanent Mission in Vienna. Since 2004 he has served as a high court judge. Prior to this, Mr. Chung served eight years as district court judge and three years as a court martial judge. Mr. Chung holds a Bachelor of Law and a Master of Law from Seoul National University. He has also been a Research Scholar at the London School of Economics and Political Science and at the Hong Kong University.

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Judge Steven J. Bwana (Reserve)

Pre-Trial Chamber

Judge Bwana obtained a Master of Laws in 1980 and Doctor of Laws in 1982 from Lateran University in Rome after receiving a Bachelor (1974) and Master (1978) of Laws from the University of Dar es Salaam. Judge Bwana has experience working as both a judge and administrator of the High Court of Tanzania, Court of Appeal of Tanzania and Court of Appeal of Seychelles. As Registrar of the Court of Appeal of Tanzania (1990-1994), he worked to modernize the Judiciary by introducing a computerization and case management program. In addition to establishing the office of Private Secretary to Chief Justice in 1986, Judge Bwana assisted the development of the Commercial Division High Court of Tanzania, serving as Judge in Charge from 1999 to 2006. Before joining the ECCC, he served as a Justice of Appeals in the Court of Appeal of Tanzania since 2008. Justice Bwana has also authored several publications on legal topics relating to Tanzania and Seychelles.

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Judge Mark Brian Harmon

Office of the Co-Investigating Judges

Before joining the ECCC, Mr. Harmon worked as a senior trial attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) for 17 years. He led the prosecution teams in the Krajišnik, Krstić, Blaškić and Perisic trials and in the guilty plea cases of Plavšić, Deronjić, Bralo, Erdemović and Češić. Mr. Harmon received his Juris Doctor degree in 1971 from Hastings College of the Law, University of California and has been a member of the California Bar Association since 1972. Prior to working at the ICTY, he served as a federal prosecutor for the United States Department of Justice in Washington, D.C. and a deputy public defender in Santa Clara County, California. Mr. Harmon has instructed law students at the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute and Stanford University Law School, as well as authored several publications on the ICTY and international criminal law.

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Judge Olivier BEAUVALLET (Reserve)

Office of the Co-Investigating Judges

Olivier BEAUVALLET is currently a special prosecutor within the special prosecution office of the EULEX mission in Kosovo. He is in charge of various cases related to organized crime, war crimes or terrorism. Previously investigative judge in France, he served lately in a special court for organized crime set in French west indies (Special court for organized crime in Fort-de-France). He participated in various international projects in the Balkans, Africa and Central Asia. Juris Doctor (EHESS Paris), Olivier BEAUVALLET has authored various books and articles both in criminal and international criminal law and heads the Traité Pratique de l’Instruction, a treaty about investigative judges’ practice. He leads various trainings and seminars in the Ecole Nationale de la Magistrature (National Judiciary School) and in Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Paris).

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Mr. Nicholas Koumjian

Office of the Co-Prosecutors

Prior to his appointment, Mr. Koumjian was Senior Appeals Counsel for the prosecution of the former President of Liberia, Charles Taylor at the Special Court for Sierra Leone. He represented Abdallah Banda and Saleh Jerbo before the International Criminal Court in a case involving the situation in Darfur, and assisted victims from the Ivory Coast on a pro-bono basis. He was previously Principal Trial Attorney for the trial of Charles Taylor, headed the UN-funded Serious Crimes Unit in East Timor, and was a trial attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Before entering the international arena, Mr. Koumjian worked as a prosecutor in Los Angeles for twenty years.

Mr. Knut Rosandhaug

Office of Administration

Mr. Knut Rosandhaug is Coordinator for United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials and also Deputy Director of ECCC's Office of Administration. He has more than 20 years of progressive experience in the areas of policy-making, negotiations, programme management, and law with a legal focus on human rights and conflict resolution. Mr. Rosandhaug commenced employment in a banking institution, where he worked in finance services for three years. In 1985, he joined the Norwegian Armed Forces as an Investigator. Then from 1987 to 1994 he worked as a Security Specialist, during which time he began to pursue academic studies in the field of Law. In 1996, immediately upon obtaining his law degree at the University of Bergen in Norway, he worked as an Assistant Law Professor until 1999. During the period from 1998 to 2000, he took a sabbatical to serve in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) as a Legal Officer under the Norwegian Defense Command. In 2000, Mr. Rosandhaug embarked on a career within the United Nations (UN) system in the capacity of Legal Officer at the UN Human Settlements Programme (UN- HABITAT) stationed in Kosovo, where his duties expanded from purely legal matters to include administration and operational management. From 2003 to 2004 he became a Regional Coordinator in Belgrade, for an Intergovernmental Organization, The Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe. He then re-joined the UN system as a Director at the UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). In Mr. Rosandhaug's most recent posting with UNMIK, he was responsible for coordination of all legal, administrative, and operational activities for the Kosovo Property Agency and the Kosovo Property Claims Commission, adjudicating conflict related disputes.

Photo of Knut Rosandhaug