UNAKRT Officials

Judge Chandra Nihal Jayasinghe


Supreme Court Chamber
Sri Lanka

Mr. Chandra Nihal Jayasinghe (Sri Lanka) was recently Sri Lanka High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He previously served as a senior Presiding Judge of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka and President of the Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka. He served 22 years in the Attorney General’s Department, mostly in criminal work, where he was Senior State Counsel and eventually elevated to Deputy Solicitor General in 1994. Mr. Jayasinghe was awarded Bachelor of Laws Degree from the University of Colombo, was a visiting scholar at University of Illinois, Chicago, and received a Diploma in Human Rights by University of Lund, Sweden.

Judge Chandra Nihal Jayasinghe

Judge Florence Ndepele Mwachande Mumba


Supreme Court Chamber
Zambia

Justice Florence Ndepele Mwachande MUMBA has held judicial office since 1980. She was the first woman to be appointed High Court Judge in Zambia.

After eight years as High Court Judge, she was appointed to the Office of Investigator General (Ombudsman) in 1989, whilst holding this office, she served as Director on the International Ombudsman Institute Board where she was elected Vice-President of the Board until 1996. Justice MUMBA served on the UN Commission on the Status of Women from 1992 to 1995; she participated in the formulation of resolutions to characterize rape as a war crime. In 1997, she was appointed Supreme Court Judge and was elected Judge of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague where she also served as Vice-President from 1999 to 2001. From 2003 to 2005, Justice MUMBA served as Judge of the Appeals Chamber in the ICTY and International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). From August 2008 to January 2011 she served as Chairperson of the Electoral Commission of Zambia. She is currently a Supreme Court Judge in Zambia. As a distinguished lawyer and women’s rights activist, she has travelled extensively presenting papers and lectures. Justice MUMBA has advocated the rule of law in governance throughout her career.

Judge Phillip Rapoza (Reserve)


Supreme Court Chamber
USA

Phillip Rapoza is the Chief Justice (President) of the Massachusetts Appeals Court. He received a B.A.degree magna cum laude from Yale University and a J.D. (juris doctor) degree from Cornell University Law School. He has served in the legal profession for over 35 years. After 16 years as a prosecutor and then a defense lawyer, in 1992 he was appointed as a trial judge. In 1998, he was appointed to the court of appeals and in 2006, he was elevated to his current position as the court's Chief Justice. He also has been active in the field of international justice. From 2003 to 2005, he served as an international judge and the coordinator of the Special Panels for Serious Crimes in Timor-Leste, dealing with crimes against humanity and other serious offenses that occurred prior to that country's independence. Since then he has returned to Timor-Leste on numerous occasions to assist with UN efforts to develop the country's justice sector. He has also headed a UN Criminal Justice Advisory Team in Haiti and has participated in programs and trainings in Cambodia relating to the ECCC. Chief Justice Rapoza, who is of Portuguese descent, was decorated by the President of Portugal and holds the rank of Commander in the Order of Prince Henry the Navigator. He also is a recipient of the Brazilian Medal of International Merit. He has received numerous awards and holds several honorary degrees.

Photo of Judge Phillip Rapoza (Reserve)

Judge Jean-Marc Lavergne


Trial Chamber
France

Jean-Marc Lavergne (France) completed his higher education at the Clermont-Ferrand Law School, and received his Masters in Private Law and Public Notary Certification in 1983. In 1988 after completing his magistracy studies, he was appointed to the High Civil Court of Angers as Parole Judge (Juge de l’application des Peines au Tribunal de Grande Instance). In 1997, he was appointed Presiding Judge (Conseiller) at the Criminal Appeals Court of Loire-Atlantique and Morbihan, a Chamber within the Rennes Court of Appeals. Since 2001, he serves as Vice-President of the High Civil Court of Le Mans. He was appointed Presiding Judge (Conseiller) at the Criminal Appeals Court of Sarthe and Maine-et-Loire in 2007.

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Judge Claudia Fenz


Trial Chamber
Austria

Dr. Fenz holds a Doctorate of Law from the University of Vienna. In 1984 she was appointed judge in the domestic criminal justice system, holding judicial office for over 20 years in investigation, trial and appeals courts. In 2005, she was appointed an international judge with the UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, dealing with organized crime, serious ethnically-motivated crime and war crimes. She then served as Head of the Rule of Law section within the EUPOLCOPPS Mission in Palestine, which provides support to the Palestinian criminal justice sector (2006-2008).

Photo of Judge Fenz

Judge Martin Karopkin (Reserve)


Trial Chamber
USA

Judge Karopkin holds a Doctorate of Law from Brooklyn Law School.  From 2006 to 2014 Judge Karopkin has been Deputy Commissioner of Trials for the New York City Police Department. There he supervised a number of other judges, who along with him, presided over disciplinary trials within the police force. Judge Karopkin also previously served as a Reserve Justice of the Supreme Court of the ECCC of Cambodia during the initial rule making phase of that tribunal from 2006 to 2008. From 2004 to 2005 he served as an international judge with the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Appointed judge of the New York City Criminal Court by Mayor Edward I. Koch in 1986 and re-appointed by Mayor Rudolph Giuliani in 1994, he also presided as Acting Justice of the Supreme Court and Acting Judge of the Family Court until his departure from the New York Courts in 2003.  Judge Karopkin has previously served as an Assistant District Attorney in Brooklyn, New York from 1972-1978; Inspector General of the New York City Parks Department from 1978-1981; and Inspector General of the New York City Fire Department, from 1981-1986.

Judge Karopkin has also taught at the New York University Graduate School of Psychology as an Adjunct Professor of Forensic Psychology.

Judge Olivier BEAUVALLET


Pre-Trial Chamber
France

Initially assigned as reserve co-investigative judge ( June 2012), Olivier BEAUVALLET took his duties as a judge in the Pre-Trial Chamber in April 2015. He was previously a prosecutor within the Special investigative Task Force and before within special prosecution office of the EULEX mission in Kosovo. He was then in charge of various cases related to organized crime, war crimes or terrorism. Previously investigative judge in France, he served lately in a special court for organized crime set in French west indies (Special court for organized crime in Fort-de-France).

Judge BAIK Kang Jin


Pre-Trial Chamber
Republic of Korea

Judge BAIK most recently served as a judge at the Seoul High Court. From 2013 he has served as a special commissioner of the Presidential Council on Intellectual Property, and as a non-standing commissioner of Korean Government Personal Information Protection Commission since 2013. Judge BAIK was first appointed as a judge in 1994, and he has presided over a number of criminal cases in three different District Courts in his home country. Judge BAIK graduated from Seoul National University, College of Law in 1992. He obtained an LLM from George Washington University Law School in 2004 and completed a SJD program with Seoul National University Law School in 2010.

Judge Steven J. Bwana (Reserve)


Pre-Trial Chamber
Tanzania

Judge Bwana obtained a Master of Laws in 1980 and Doctor of Laws in 1982 from Lateran University in Rome after receiving a Bachelor (1974) and Master (1978) of Laws from the University of Dar es Salaam. Judge Bwana has experience working as both a judge and administrator of the High Court of Tanzania, Court of Appeal of Tanzania and Court of Appeal of Seychelles. As Registrar of the Court of Appeal of Tanzania (1990-1994), he worked to modernize the Judiciary by introducing a computerization and case management program. In addition to establishing the office of Private Secretary to Chief Justice in 1986, Judge Bwana assisted the development of the Commercial Division High Court of Tanzania, serving as Judge in Charge from 1999 to 2006. Before joining the ECCC, he served as a Justice of Appeals in the Court of Appeal of Tanzania since 2008. Justice Bwana has also authored several publications on legal topics relating to Tanzania and Seychelles.

Photo of Judge Steven Bwana

Judge Michael Bohlander


Office of the Co-Investigating Judges
Germany

From 10 June 2015 until 31 July 2015, when he took up the position as the International Co-Investigating Judge, Judge Bohlander had been the Reserve Co-Investigating Judge. He has been the Chair in Comparative and International Criminal Law at Durham Law School in the UK since 2004. From 1991 to 2004 Judge Bohlander served as pre-trial, trial and appellate judge in criminal and civil matters in the courts of the East German Free State of Thuringia, in the transitional stage after German unification in 1990. From 1999 until 2001 he served as the Senior Legal Officer of a Trial Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Judge Bohlander holds a doctorate of law from Saarland University; he obtained his 1st and 2nd State Examination in Law from the Ministry of Justice of the Saarland. 

Mr. Nicholas Koumjian


Office of the Co-Prosecutors
USA

Prior to his appointment, Mr. Koumjian was Senior Appeals Counsel for the prosecution of the former President of Liberia, Charles Taylor at the Special Court for Sierra Leone. He represented Abdallah Banda and Saleh Jerbo before the International Criminal Court in a case involving the situation in Darfur, and assisted victims from the Ivory Coast on a pro-bono basis. He was previously Principal Trial Attorney for the trial of Charles Taylor, headed the UN-funded Serious Crimes Unit in East Timor, and was a trial attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Before entering the international arena, Mr. Koumjian worked as a prosecutor in Los Angeles for twenty years.

Mr. Knut Rosandhaug


Office of Administration
Norway

Mr. Knut Rosandhaug is Coordinator for United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials and also Deputy Director of ECCC's Office of Administration. He has more than 20 years of progressive experience in the areas of policy-making, negotiations, programme management, and law with a legal focus on human rights and conflict resolution. Mr. Rosandhaug commenced employment in a banking institution, where he worked in finance services for three years. In 1985, he joined the Norwegian Armed Forces as an Investigator. Then from 1987 to 1994 he worked as a Security Specialist, during which time he began to pursue academic studies in the field of Law. In 1996, immediately upon obtaining his law degree at the University of Bergen in Norway, he worked as an Assistant Law Professor until 1999. During the period from 1998 to 2000, he took a sabbatical to serve in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) as a Legal Officer under the Norwegian Defense Command. In 2000, Mr. Rosandhaug embarked on a career within the United Nations (UN) system in the capacity of Legal Officer at the UN Human Settlements Programme (UN- HABITAT) stationed in Kosovo, where his duties expanded from purely legal matters to include administration and operational management. From 2003 to 2004 he became a Regional Coordinator in Belgrade, for an Intergovernmental Organization, The Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe. He then re-joined the UN system as a Director at the UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). In Mr. Rosandhaug's most recent posting with UNMIK, he was responsible for coordination of all legal, administrative, and operational activities for the Kosovo Property Agency and the Kosovo Property Claims Commission, adjudicating conflict related disputes.

Photo of Knut Rosandhaug